Corresponding to the 5th generation of mobile internet, it tends to be faster and should revolutionize the way we access the network through mobile devices. The news has already been announced by operators and manufacturers of devices and, therefore, it is necessary to question what the impact of this technology for companies and how to prepare for this scenario.
Do you want to find out more about this technological advance? Check it out right now!
The evolution of 4G
4G technology is the one that is working today. The frequency used is 2.5 GHz and its implementation took place in 2014 – launching period predicted by Anatel as being before the World Cup. At the time, the promise was to increase the speed of data traffic.
Since, since 2015, it has been allowed to add new frequency bands for 4G, the simultaneous use of these networks made it possible to reach higher connection speeds up to 30%, compared to the traditional 4th generation method.
The technology used in 4G was the Long Term Evolution (LTE) network, which works in over 75% of Brazilian municipalities. In addition to speed, it also stands out for the number of people that can be connected without loss of signal quality.
Another detail of 4G is that it prioritizes data traffic, that is, audio, video, text and photo. As of 2015, the network operates in the 2.5GHz and 1.8GHz bands. However, the frequency of 700MHz, of analog TV, is used for the expansion of technology.
All of these features mentioned led to the announcement of 4G + and 4.5G. However, although some experts believed that this term change is commercial, it also has to do with the speed of traffic. Anyway, that was the beginning of the move to 5G.
What’s new in 5G technology
5G technology is called the internet of the future, because its proposal is to leave everything connected at the same time. This process requires a lot of testing and work, but it is a demand from consumers and companies around the world. This is the main novelty of this network. However, the coordinator of the MBA in Digital Marketing at Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV), André Miceli,highlighted in an interview that the benefits go beyond.
This is the big catch. For Intel, there are three factors that characterize the technological evolution required for a connected and intelligent world access of devices and things to the internet – the expectation is that there are more than 50 billion and 200 billion sensors connected by 2020, which is a large volume of data;
processing, analysis and storage capacity distributed in the network structure;
permanent connectivity between network, things and cloud.
For society, this means a higher traffic speed and the possibility of facilitating the daily routine. However, for companies, there are many advantages. That’s why96% of large technology companies intend to adopt 5G.
In Brazil, the connection must be up to 100 times greater than the current speed. Downloads should be faster than fiber optics, too. More than that, the latency should be reduced, making it easier to carry out a videoconference and the remote control of equipment, such as guided cars. However, what are the impacts for the corporate world? That’s what we’ll see next.
The impacts for IT and the relationship with IoT
One of the main benefits of 5G technology is to leverage the use of the Internet of Things (IoT). The fast connection will be used for more than downloads and page loading. In fact, it will have the main purpose of connecting devices to each other.
This should mean that, in the coming years, the IoT will have a much greater functionality. If today it is present in tablets, smartphones, TVs, computers, watches and wearables, in the following years the trend is for household appliances, work tools, cars and even the whole house.
In this perspective of evolution – in addition to ensuring that you access your coffee maker via your smartphone, in order to know what time you will arrive home, leaving the coffee ready – 5G technology with IoT will be able to inform you about any bottleneck in the system used , which will cause your unavailability in a short time. Thus, the IT team can act in advance.
Other benefits for the corporate environment are listed below. Check out!
Connection speed and stability
The expectation is that the speed of the 5G internet will reach 1Gbps. Currently, it is 25Mbps. For companies, this means more peace of mind when carrying out the work. After all, applications are downloaded faster, video calls are more quality and streaming videos are viewed without problems.
This characteristic facilitates the mobility of the teams and the trend of the Bring Your Own Device (BYOD). At the same time, with the use of files and software in the cloud, the stability and speed of the connection become fundamental prerogatives for the smooth running of the business.
It is worth mentioning that 5G requires the adaptation of the infrastructure, with the installation of equipment that operates in the standard. The company that does this will have more network reach.
Increased job opportunities
5G promotes the use of immersive games, robotization, autonomous driving, remote surgery, automation of industrial processes, ultra-definition videos and more. For the IT area, it is the opportunity to visualize the traffic and the technologies used more carefully to identify problems.
Thus, it is possible to reduce downtime and latency, speeding up the support response. This is because the data flows are more efficient and the SDN architecture still facilitates the centralized management of the networks, which directs the routing in an intelligent way.
Use of artificial intelligence
Virtual assistants allow employees to send messages and emails while on the move, prepare to-do lists and even manage calendar notes. However, 5G combined witha cloud, will facilitate machine learning. This leads to the discovery of patterns, which identify problems related to traffic, equipment functioning, availability of networks, etc.
In the case of an industry, for example, the connected devices exchange data with each other and signal bottlenecks without any human intervention. With that, the factory becomes automated and smarter.
Favoring network partitioning
Network slicing is one of the benefits derived from 5G. In practice, this term indicates that you reserve part of the band to meet the specific needs of a device, application or service. With this, there is more stability to work efficiently.
It is possible to do network slicing, for example, for video calls. However, this is a very important resource for information security. That’s because cyber attacks can be divided into one of the slices of the network.
Optimizing the consumer experience
5G technology also positively influences the customer experience. It favors the integration of consumption, that is, the use of various devices by users to access e-commerce and the application or even to improve the shopping journey in the physical store.
Among the devices that can be used are the traditional ones – such as television, computer and smartphones – and also the most innovative, such as refrigerators, watches and cars. Voice assistants also become more efficient and are integrated with different devices, in addition to guiding the consumer between experiences to facilitate the search for information, convenience and ease.
This process even includes using new technologies, such as augmented and mixed realities. In these cases, your company is able to create differentiated content, which is displayed to consumers in real time and in a totally dynamic manner, which contributes to the purchase decision.
In short, the use of a faster Internet makes consumer behavior even more modifiable. If, today, he wants to seek information before deciding what to buy, the tendency is that he seeks this increasing interactivity with other devices. Therefore, it is essential to know the demands to prepare for this new scenario.
Preparing for 5G technology
As much as 5G is still in the early stages of implementation, it is important to prepare your teams for the arrival of this new context. For this, it is essential to research about the technology and discover its capabilities. This is how you determine which features can be used now and which ones will be adopted in the future.
From this diagnosis, you also identify creative and innovative possibilities, which help your company stay competitive and adapt to this disruption. Remember, also, to keep informed about the implementation schedule.
Keep in mind that 5G systems will include radio, core, management and cloud access. So it is important to follow three tips:
choose trusted suppliers who will help you select the right architecture and strategy to evolve your business. This reduces risk and optimizes the experience;
plan the transformation, because more than technology, it is necessary to think about new markets and customers with other business models;
start, right now, from simple technological choices, such as cloud systems to modernize the infrastructure, analysis platforms to verify data and service training in real time, as well as policy solutions for adaptive and dynamic governance.
With these requirements, your company will be ready for 5G technology and will add competitive advantage. This highlight will bring financial and operational benefits, and will optimize the work of the IT team, who will be able to identify needs more efficiently.
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